Answer by Govind Singh Yadav:
Juvenile Justice(Care and Protection) Bill 2014
The bill seeks to achieve the objective of UN convention on Rights of Children ,which India has already ratified.The bill proposes procedural safeguards for children in conflict of law and children in need of care and protection. A child in conflict of law is one who have committed a crime and child in need of care and protection is one , who is orphaned or surrendered or abandoned or sexually abused. The definition of child or juvenile is one who is less than 18 years of age.
Presently , a juvenile cannot be tried as an adult for any crime and maximum punishment for any crime is 3 years. But the new bill proposes that any juvenile in the age group 16-18 years can be tried as an adult for heinous crime (heinous crime is one for which, minimum punishment is 7 years) , provided the Juvenile Justice Board give confirmation that child is physically and mentally fit to be tried as an adult.Life imprisonment or death cannot be awarded to juvenile.
The new bill replaces Juvenile Justice Act 2000 , and provides JJB and Child Welfare committee in each district. The bill also proposes criteria for adoption of child for prospective adoptive parents- 1. Married couple 2.Single or divorced persons but single male cannot adopt girl child. The central adoption resource authority will make broader guidelines for the same.