Answer by Jai Parimi:
- The PRC is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing.
- The People's Republic of China is one of the world's few remaining socialist states openly endorsing communism.
- The Chinese government has been variously described as communist and socialist, but also as authoritarian and corporatist, with heavy restrictions in many areas, most notably against free access to the Internet, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, the right to have children, free formation of social organizations and freedom of religion.
- Its current political, ideological and economic system has been termed by its leaders as the "people's democratic dictatorship", "socialism with Chinese characteristics" (which is Marxism adapted to Chinese circumstances) and the "socialist market economy" respectively.
Government in PRC
- The President of China is the titular head of state, serving as the ceremonial figurehead under National People's Congress.
- The Premier of China is the head of government, presiding over the State Council composed of four vice premiers and the heads of ministries and commissions.
- The incumbent President is Xi Jinping, who is also the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission, making him China's paramount leader.
- The incumbent Premier is Li Keqiang, who is also a senior member of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee, China's de facto top decision-making body.
- There have been some moves toward political liberalization, in that open contested elections are now held at the village and town levels. However, the Party retains effective control over government appointments: in the absence of meaningful opposition, the CPC wins by default most of the time.
- Political concerns in China include the growing gap between rich and poor and government corruption.
Elections in PRC
- Elections in the People's Republic of China are based on a hierarchical electoral system.
- Local People's Congresses, local Governments and village chiefs are directly elected.
- All higher levels of People's Congresses up to the National People's Congress, the national legislature, are indirectly elected by the People's Congress of the level immediately below.