Answer by Amit Banerjee:
I can speak for Hinduism, if not India (India as a name was coined by British) but the wisdom that flows through is from Hinduism. More apt would be to say that the wisdom is a derivative from the collective theories put by Rishi's and scholars in the Treta and Dwapar Yuga.
The collective wisdom is subjective in nature.
- There is no absolute truth. There is always a floating form of truth which is imaginary in nature.
- There is no certainty, everything is moving.
- Everything is ambiguous. "Sab chalta hai" and "yeh bhi chalega, woh bhi chalega"
- If something is right, the opposite is right too. In all contexts.
- To each, his own. Hinduism is not restricted to only the beliefs and theories of scholars.
- There is no truth. Truth is not what the book claims. Truth is not what you read or what I say truth is. Truth is not something which can be proven. Truth is what you imagine it to be. Your truth is different from my truth.
- Belief must be understood in the context of believers, not facts, theories, principles or observations. To a mendicant, a scientist is a fool. To a musician, the DJ is a criminal.
- Acceptance is sometimes considered a fallacy. Ideas need not fit into a rational framework.
A – Your idea is wrong, it does not fit into the logic and evidence.
B – How are you measuring? What is your measuring scale? (Mapdand)
A – You are prejudiced and not logic driven.
B – The only way to prove otherwise is to agree with you, is it?
- Greek theory – Become a hero, win, kill people, loot money. Hence they produced fierce warriors like Achielees, Hector. Their achievements were linear since they believe that you have just one life and hence should make the most of it.
Indian theory – No need. Life is just a cycle. If I win today, i will definitely lose tomorrow. So let it be.
- European Scholars – I have an opinion on how the world should be. I have an opinion on how the social system needs to change.
Indian scholars (Rishis) – What is this I? Who are you?
- Brahman == Brah + Man == To Expand (Brah) the mind (man). This has nothing to do with "Brahmana", which is just a Jati.
In Hinduism, anybody can be a Brahman by karma while the social system has a designation called "Brahmana" for people who pursued knowledge as their way of life.
- Tamas – I am afraid. Someone take care of me.
Rajas – I am too afraid to take care of others. I will take care of just me.
Sattva – I am afraid but the only way I can overcome fear is by helping other people who are also afraid.
This is where "Guna" comes in which defines the "property" and "behavior" of the mind.
- Drishti – Objective truth. I want to become a programmer and earn lot of money. That is called a "Mission"
Divya Drishti – Subjective truth. I want to make money and this can be done by solving the problem of booking bus tickets online and for that, I need to learn programming. This is called a "Vision"
Darshan – The subject. I want to solve the problem of booking bus tickets online, doesn't matter if I make money or not. This is philosophy.
- Kaam is the root of all creation. Kaam means desire.
If there is no desire, there will be no dream, no aspirations, no ambition, no vision and no progress. Hence, be "Karmic". The word Kamasutra is not meant just for sexual desires alone. It is a sutra for "Kaam", for desire.
- Since you are rich, I feel poor and thus unhappy. Hinduism says – why be unhappy? That person is just the guardian of the wealth and not the owner. The wealth he has accumulated will leave him in due time and flow to some other guardian. He imagines himself to be rich while you imagine yourself to be poor. What is your imagined truth? Control your imagination
- A – "I am rich and hence I am smarter than you."
"Oh is it? If you are so smart, then give all your wealth to the beggar and try earning it again. You are smart, so its not difficult for you"
Hinduism has a different measuring scale for quantification. Accumulating lot of wealth or knowledge does not make you rich or capable. It is your ability to repeat the same thing over and over again makes you rich.
Enough gyaan 😛