Where is South India in the Indian independence struggle of the early 20th century?

history : Where-is-South-India-in-the-Indian-independence-struggle-of-the-early-20th-century -3

Answer by Jai Parimi:

There is a common feeling that role of South Indians in freedom struggle was not highlighted among some South Indians also. The following could be the reasons for this misconception

A. Five reasons for the misconception

1. One Chocolate = Lifelong Loyalty:

  • (I am not sure if this is relevant here) A personal story from my grandmother. She was 5 at the time of world war and narrated me the incidents when ferrying military vans of Britishers were giving her chocolates to children. As a kid, she was fond of their chocolates and never had a bad experience with them that she could remember.

2. Today's Media feeds Tomorrow's History Lesson:

  • We should understand that power is mostly concentrated in Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai in that order.
  • The intensity of struggle (should I say, media reports) is proportional to the concentration of power.
  • An analogy would be comparing the reports on protests of a rape victim in Delhi as against Bangalore or Hyderabad.

3. Sizeable part of Princely States:

  • Sizeable part of South India is not directly under the rule of British.
    • Hyderabad (Consists of present Telangana, parts of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
    • Mysore (Parts of Karnataka)
    • Travancore (Kerala, parts of Tamilnadu)

So, their struggle is against their rulers which had limited scope and hence limited coverage in Media. Believe me as a Hyderabadi, I know more about British rulers than Nizams.

4. Days of no 'like' button to express views:

  • Travelling from Chennai to Kolkata in order to participate in protests is very difficult for a common man. Even in modern mode of transportation, very few people can afford to travel to Delhi to express their concern against corruption. Imagine How difficult it would be for all those people in the days with no like button. 😛

5. People loved their Rulers (at least did not hate):

  • Moreover, People loved their rulers in some parts. You can see that even in modern days Wadiyars of Mysore and Maharajas of Travancore are treated with respect and dignity everywhere. It was people of Hyderabad who revolted against Nizam.

B. Contributions to Independence Movement

Please see Harish Aditham's answer to What are some important contributions from southern India to India's independence movement?

In the 20th century, Captain Lakshmi Sehgal, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (Teacher's Day ya know?), Pattabhi Seetharamayya, Vanchinathan, Rajagopalachari (India's first Governor General), Krishna Menon, V. V. Giri, Tanguturi Prakasam, Nyapati Subba Rao, Tiruppur Kumaran, and a host of others made great contributions to the freedom struggle. Pondur in northern AP is famous to this day for its khadi, which was the preferred khadi of many a national freedom fighter. Durgabai Deshmukh, Sarojini and Padmaja Naidu are few of the women leaders. Annie Beasant worked from Chennai. Pingali Venkayya designed the Indian National Flag.

Please take a look at following links for people involved

Where is South India in the Indian independence struggle of the early 20th century?


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