IR : How-is-Indias-foreign-policy-assuming-new-facets-with-Latin-America
Answer by Akand Sitra:
is that area which consists of the whole of South America, Mexico and other smaller Caribbean countries.
Credits – Wikipedia Commons
These South American nations were never on the priority list of the foreign policy of India over the past few decades.
But, that is rapidly changing now.
- India's current relations with South America is very minimal.
- There is a very low people to people exchange amongst these nations.
- India imports petroleum oil from Venezuela, Colombia and Mexico.
- Except for Brazil, other countries receive very little attention.
- Also, there is a very little direct flight and sea connectivity.
Cooperation Needed in These Areas
- South America has 5 times the landmass of India. It has huge fertile lands.
- India can look for agricultural cooperation and can even take some land on lease, like how China took Kazakhstan's land on lease.
- India can conduct joint agricultural research and development with Brazil and Argentina.
- Increase petroleum imports to relieve our over dependence on the volatile and ever tensed gulf areas.
- Invest in oil exploration and extraction in these areas. I think ourhas already started doing this.
- The Amazon area has a huge mineral resource which can be tapped.
- India can provide assistance to their space programmes through ISRO and also provide launching and satellite facilities.
- Brazil can be a source for ethanol. Which can help reduce our dependence on petroleum.
- Expand cooperation with South American countries in areas like tele-medicine, tele-education and e-governance and India should share it's expertise in information technology with these countries.
- Eco-tourism would be a great initiative for both of them. India needs to sell itself in a much better way.
Future Path to be Taken
- India has to signwith Venezuela, Colombia, Mexico, Brazil and Peru, the most important trading Latin American countries.
- Useplatform to connect with Brazil more effectively.
- Useplatform also to support each other.
- Usealso to support each other for a UNSC permanent seat claim.
- Increase diplomatic exchange with regular meetings.
- Must ensurestays alive and strong.
- Increase flight connectivity and communication.
- India should extend its “space capabilities” for weather forecasting, resource mapping and disaster management in the Latin American region.
- More effective utilization of thebetween India and the and between India & Chile.
- In International fora like WTO, IMF, World Bank, G-20 etc. the South American Countries and India have to lobby on similar issues like lower tariffs, more inclusive trade policy, easier financing conditions, voting rights etc.
[Right] – Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
[Left] – Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff
Yes, India needs to extend its hand to all Latin American countries, especially the largest one – Brazil. This picture sums it up. 🙂
Thank you for the discreet A2A!